Volume 22 / Number 4

1980

Special Edition: Cultural and Ecological Aspects of Turan, Iran

On The Cover: Goats return from grazing.

Vol. 22 / No. 4

By: Mary Martin

Making A Living In Turan: Animals, Land and Wages

Ten years ago Sohrab Alavi was home in his Turan village only five or six months of the year. Since […]

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Vol. 22 / No. 4

By: Mary Martin

Pastoral Production: Milk and Firewood in the Ecology of Turan

Pastoral production in Turan focuses on milk. Goats are the major producers because they are in milk from late February […]

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Vol. 22 / No. 4

By: Endre Nyerges

Traditional Pastoralism: An Evolutionary Perspective

Archaeological evidence indicates that the earliest domestication of sheep and goats occurred in the Middle East about 10,000 years ago. […]

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Vol. 22 / No. 4

By: Christopher L. Hamlin

The Temporal Dimension: Monitoring the Changing Ecology of Settlement in Turan

The settlement system in Turan is changing continously. Some of the changes are cyclical, related to such regular processes as […]

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Vol. 22 / No. 4

University Museum Announcements

Grants Received From the National Endowment for the Humanities, $74,915 toward Phase II research on the Gordion Project. Also from […]

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Vol. 22 / No. 4

By: Martin Biddle

New Directions – Summer 1980: The Director Writes

`… nor will they knowingly support this illegal trade by authenticating or expressing opinions concerning such material, and will actively […]

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Vol. 22 / No. 4

By: Brian I. Spooner and Lee Horne

Cultural and Ecological Perspectives from the Turan Program, Iran

Introduction The Historical Significance of Deserts A zone of arid and semi-arid country stretches from the Atlantic through north¬≠ern Africa […]

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Vol. 22 / No. 4

By: Lee Horne

Dryland Settlement Location: Social and Natural Factors in the Distribution of Settlements in Turan

Settlement in Turan takes three principal forms: year-round permanent villages, summer milking stations, and winter sheep stations. This three-way division […]

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Vol. 22 / No. 4

By: Lee Horne

Village Morphology: The Distribution of Structures and Activities in Turan Villages

The thirteen villages of central Tauran are small, highly nucleated, and irregular in plan. Beginning from the foothills of Mount […]

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