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The Greek Cemetery
Left Attic Pentelic Marble Lekythos
ca. 375-350 BC
This inscribed stone piece belongs to a relatively common type of Attic
late 5th or 4th century BC grave marker (the foot and upper neck are
missing). Such monuments echoed the smaller terracotta vases that played
such an important role in the conduct of the actual funeral rites. The
girl Melitta, interpreted as the deceased, clasps her father's hand
in a gesture of farewell calleddexiosis. Her father, Pythokles, sits
on a chair. Kleostrate, either the mother or the sister of Melitta,
stands behind him. She gazes pensively at Melitta.
H. 83.0; Dia. 37.0 cm. UM neg. S8-46894. (83k)
Right Attic Pentelic Marble Hydria-Loutrophoros
ca. 375-350 BC
The shape of this stone grave marker is based on the three-handled terracotta
water vessel traditionally used to supply purification water for funerals.
The handles are now missing. The vase depicts a couple bidding their young
daughter Malthake farewell. A stele of the same Malthake in New York's
Metropolitan Museum of Art was probably the principal monument set over
her grave, leaving our hydria-loutrophoros to serve as her secondary memorial.
The grave site was probably the district of Markopoulos in Attica recorded
in the epitaph on the Metropolitan's stele.
H. 81.0; Dia. 34.0 cm. UM neg. S8-46897. (83k)
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