Mural painting from temple wall. Complete wall, total of 23 sections. The central figure in this mural is Bhaisajyaguru, the Healing or Medicine Buddha. He is associated with longevity and guards against untimely death, nightmares, evil apparitions, vicious animals, robbers, thieves, and invading states. The Bodhisattvas of the Moon and Sun, identified by the aureoles or circular lights around their heads, form a triad with the Buddha.
Bhaisajyaguru is also accompainied by th Twelve Guardian Generals who represent the Buddha's twelve vows. The Generals make offerings to the Buddha so he will grant their wishes and free them from suffering. They have pledged to protect thos who inform others about Bhaisajyaguru.
Worshippers turned to this image to try and visulaize themselves in paradise, a beautiful place with jeweled trees, palaces, lotus ponds, musicians, and dancers. Some believed that worshippers could be reborn in paradise by simply reciting the name of Buddha Amitabha rather then through meditation and austerities.
Purchased from C. T. Loo
Current & Past Exhibitions:
Chinese Rotunda (1968)
Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966)
[Article] Steinhardt, Nancy S. 2008. "The Chinese Rotunda". Arts of Asia. 38 (5): 83-95. : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 92, Fig. 26; Pg. 93, Fig. 28
[Article] Jing, Anning. 1991. The Yuan Buddhist Mural of the Paradise of Bhaisajyaguru. Metropolitan Museum Journal. Volume 26: 147-166.
[Article] Baldwin, Michelle. 1994. Monumental Wall Paintings of the Assembly of the Buddha from Shanxi Province: Historiography, Iconography, Three Styles, and a New Chronology. Artibus Asiae. 54 (3/4): 241-267.
[Article] Steinhardt, Nancy S. 1987. Zhu Haogu Reconsidered: A New Date for the Rom Painting and the Southern Shanxi Buddhist-Daoist Style. Artibus Asiae. Volume XLVIII ( 1/2)
[Article] Ka-bo, Tsang. 1979. Royal Ontario Museum, Far Eastern Department. Arts of Asia. 9 (2): Chinese Paintings.
[Article] Lippe, Aschwin. 1965. Buddha and the Holy Multitude. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. 23 (9): p. 325-335. : Page/Fig./Plate: Fig. 15
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. 1941. The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects. The University Museum Bulletin. 9 (2-3) : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 16 Fig. 10
[Article] 1929. Recent Museum Acquisitions - Eastern Art. Parnassus. Volume I (December) (No. 8): pg. 30. : Page/Fig./Plate: 30
[Article] Fernald, Helen E. 1929. Two Sections of Chinese Fresco Newly Acquired. The Museum Journal. Volume XX (No. 2): 119-130. : Page/Fig./Plate: 119-129
[Article] Fernald, Helen E. 1928. Another Fresco from Moon Hill Monastery. The Museum Journal. Volume XIX (2) : Page/Fig./Plate: 109-129
[Article] Miller, J. L. 1928. "Ancient Chinese Wall Paintings: Recently Brought to This Country by the University of Pennsylvania Museum". The Mentor. 16 (3 (April)): 41-44. : Page/Fig./Plate: 43-44
[Article] Yetts, W. P. 1927. Some Buddhist Frescoes from China. The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs. Volume 51 ( No. 294) : Page/Fig./Plate: 121-128, Plates I, II
[Article] Fernald, Helen E. 1926. Chinese Frescoes of the T'ang Dynasty in the Museum, 618-906 A.D. The Museum Journal. Volume XVII (No. 3) : Page/Fig./Plate: 229-244
You may also be interested in these objects: