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Education in schools in ancient Athens was at first limited to aristocratic
boys. By the 4th century b.c. all 18-year-old males spent two years in a gymnasion,
a state school devoted to the overall physical and intellectual development
of a young man. More advanced education in philosophy, mathematics, logic and
rhetoric was available to the aristocracy in highly select gymnasia like the
Academy of Plato and the Lycaeum of Aristotle.
Although girls in ancient Greece received no formal education in the literary
arts, many of them were taught to read and write informally, in the home.
||Attic Red Figure Kylix ca. 480 b.c.
By the Eucharides Painter
A seated boy inscribing with a stylus on a fivepart folding wax tablet.
The tablet is typical of the sort used by schoolboys learning to write.
The chest at the boy´s right may have been used for storing scrolls.
H. 7.4; L. 27.5; Dia. 21.2 cm. Photo courtesy Mediterranean Section, Univ.
of Pennsylvania Museum (99k)
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