University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology


Author: Kenneth M. Kensinger

The Cashinahua of Southeastern Peru

Photo of young girl

By: Kenneth M. Kensinger

The Cashinahua, classified linguistically as Panoan, live along the Curanja River of southeastern Peru and along upper reaches of the Embira, Muru, Tarauaca, Jordao, Jurua, and Breu Rivers of the state of Amazonas and the Territory of Acre in Brazil. The Cashinahua depend about equally on hunting and horticulture (sweet manioc, maize, plantains, bananas, peanuts, […]


Change and the Cashinahua

By: Kenneth M. Kensinger

In the Summer, 1965 number of Expedition, we published a copy of the first letter written by a Cashinahua in his own language, together with an account by Kenneth Kensinger of how the letter came to be written. The illustrations were from photographs made by Mr. Kensinger in 1955-1958. Several of the photographs in this new article […]


The Cashinahua and the Study of Evolution

By: Kenneth M. Kensinger and Francis E. Johnston

Cooperative research by physical and cultural anthropologists among small, isolated populations such as the Peruvian Cashinahua, who are still largely untouched by western civilization, can be valuable in analyzing the ways in which human groups have in the past and are still evolving. The conditions under which the Cashinahua live today, i.e., small village units […]


A Body of Knowledge, or, the Body Knows

By: Kenneth M. Kensinger

It was only a brief comment from a father to his young son but it launched me on one of the most illuminating and exciting lines of inquiry during my seven years of fieldwork with the Cashina­hua of eastern Peru. The men were sitting on low wooden stools or turtle shells around an assortment of […]