University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology


Author: William A. Haviland

Prehistoric Settlement at Tikal, Guatemala

By: William A. Haviland

The ancient Maya ruins of Guatemala and Yucatan have held a fascination for layman and scholar alike every since the Spanish conquest of the area. There exist several early documents which contain accounts in Spanish of the daily life of the post-Conquest Maya as seen by their conquerors, as well as descriptions and speculations pertaining […]


Population and Social Dynamics

The Dynasties and Social Structure of Tikal

By: William A. Haviland

When dealing with a complex society, whether your own, that of the Maya, or any other, scholars gener­ally adopt one of two approaches: they look at the society from the top down, or from the bottom up. Although there are exceptions, his­torians, in their fascination with the doings of kings or other ruling aristocracies, have […]