University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Athropology

Author: Frances Eyman

An Unusual Winnebago War Club and An American Water Monster

By: Frances Eyman

In 1839, Caleb W. Pusey, scion of a prominent Philadelphia family, was in the Winnebago country of Wisconsin, taking part in a land claim settlement between the United States and the Indians. At Fort Winnebago Mr. Pusey acquired an extremely interesting war club, which came into our possession just last year. We know far too […]

Lacrosse and the Cayuga Thunder Rite

By: Frances Eyman

Lacrosse, the great combative team sport among Indians of eastern North America, is today the national sport of canada and is a popular collegiate game in the United States and Great Britain. French Canadians began to play the Iroquois form of stick-ball before 1750. Our name for the game comes from their term for the […]

American Indian Gaming Arrows and Stick-Dice


By: Frances Eyman

Games and gambling seem to be world-wide in their appeal. Only the most archaic of hunting cultures, those of the Australian, the Pygmy, and the Bushman, seem to lack a tradition of gambling. Yet for them life itself is a daily gamble, and they do recognize methods for casting lots. When we watch the play […]

A Grizzly Bear Carving From The Missouri Valley

By: Frances Eyman

Some of the most compelling art objects made by the North American Indian are small, and their effect is due to their perfection of line rather than their monumental qualities. The Indian artist was at his best when he dealt with his animal neighbors, creatures whom he knew and loved so well that he could […]

The Wyoming Expedition of 1968

By: John Witthoft and Frances Eyman

The Shoshone, like many other nomadic peoples of the Plains and the Rockies, are scarcely known to archaeology. Their ways of life left scant traces on our landscape. When we do find their scattered archaeological record in many areas, it becomes apparent that they had been newcomers with little relationship to older complexes. The Ute […]

Metallurgy of the Tlingit, Dene, and Eskimo

By: Frances Eyman and John Witthoft

Tlingit ethnographic collections include large numbers of copper objects in many types, most of them made from the commercial copper of Europe. Early accounts from the trade in sea otter fur record that vast quantities of commercial metals were carried to the Tlingit by Russian and American ships. Indian tradition insists that copperworking was known […]