University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
29276

View All (5) Object Images


76977
76597
55351
55352
Object Number: C66A
Current Location: China Gallery
Currently On Display
Culture:Chinese
Provenience: China
Hebei
Yizhou
Period: Liao Dynasty (uncertain)
Jin Dynasty (uncertain)
Date Made: 10th Century - 13th Century
Early Date: 907
Late Date: 1234
Section:Asian
Materials:Clay
Glaze
Technique:Fired
Glazed
Three Color Glaze
Iconography:Luohan
Height: 105cm
Width: 64cm
Credit Line:Gift of A. G. Worch, 1914
Other NumberGETZ 1 - Other Number

Description

Pottery figure of luohan found in cave near Yizhou, present day Yixian county in Hebei province. Soft white pottery with a polychrome glaze. Somewhat larger than life size. The Luohan is seated cross-legged in the conventional attitude of meditation. Luohans, also known as arhats, are accomplished Buddhist disciples. They are one of the only Buddhist images that offer a sculptor the opportunity for realism. The portrait-like qualities of this luohan, with his unique and expressive facial features, are emphasized to convey his mortality. He wears an outer garment called the kāṣāya, which is draped to purposely show the right shoulder and arm, revealing the green undergarment, a symbol that he is trying to help save sentient beings. This luohan was originally part of a group of sixteen or eighteen figures, although luohan groups can reach as many as five hundred. Luohan like this often were placed along the sidewalls in a monastery hall. Eight of the group survive in other collections, including the British Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the William Rockhill Nelson Gallery, the Royal Ontario Museum, the Matsukata Collection and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.


Current & Past Exhibitions:

Chinese Rotunda (1968)View Objects in Exhibition
Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966)View Objects in Exhibition
Exhibition of the Art of the Far East ( Dec 1914)View Objects in Exhibition
Harrison Chinese Rotunda Inaugural Exhibition ( Feb 1916)View Objects in Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Article] Steinhardt, Nancy S. 2010. "The Luohan that Came from Afar". Expedition: The Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. 52 (3): 7-8. : Page/Fig./Plate: pg. 7View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Steinhardt, Nancy S. 2008. "The Chinese Rotunda". Arts of Asia. 38 (5): 83-95. : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 84, Fig. 14View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Smithies, Richard. 2001. "A Luohan from Yizhou in the University of Pennsylvania Museum". Orientations. 32 (2): 51-56. : Page/Fig./Plate: 51View Objects cited in this Publication
[Book] Horne, Lee C. 1985. Introduction to the Collections of The University Museum. : Page/Fig./Plate: 60View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1941. The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects. The University Museum Bulletin. 9 (2-3) : Page/Fig./Plate: FrontispieceView Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1939. Chinese Art at the University Museum. Parnassus. 11 (1) : Page/Fig./Plate: 7-11View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Gray, Basil. 1936. Chinese Sculpture: Examples at Burlington House. The Connoisseur: An Illustrated Magazine for Collectors. Volume 97 (February) : Page/Fig./Plate: pg. 64, pg. 76 (ill.)View Objects cited in this Publication
[Catalogue] Royal Academy of Arts. 1935. Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Chinese Art. : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 209, No. 2438, Pg. 224, 2438 (illustration)View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1935. The Museum's Loan to Burlington House ( for International Exhibition of Chinese Art held in London 1935-36). The University Museum Bulletin. 6 (1) : Page/Fig./Plate: 7-11, pl. 6.View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Springer, Anton. 1929. Die ostasiatische Kunst, in 1929. Handbuch der Kunstgeschichte. Volume 6. 43, 50, pl. 68. : Page/Fig./Plate: 111, 112View Objects cited in this Publication
[Book] March, Benjamin. 1929. China and Japan in our Museums. : Page/Fig./Plate: 88View Objects cited in this Publication
[Catalogue] Getz, John. 1917. The University Museum Section of Oriental Art. : Page/Fig./Plate: No. 1, page 177View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Bishop, Charles W. 1916. Notes on Chinese Statuary. The Museum Journal. Volume VII (No. 3): 152-177. : Page/Fig./Plate: 163, figure 165View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Sayce, A. H. 1916. Oriental Art in the University Museum. The Museum Journal. Volume VII (No. 3): 149-151. : Page/Fig./Plate: Fig. 165View Objects cited in this Publication
[Book] Hobson, Robert L. 1915. Chinese Pottery and Porcelain : An Account of the Potter's Art in China From Primitive Times to the Present Day. Volume 1. : Page/Fig./Plate: 35View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Bishop, Charles W. 1914. A Pottery Statue of A Lohan. The Museum Journal. Volume V (No. 3) : Page/Fig./Plate: 129-135, fig. 69.View Objects cited in this Publication
[Catalogue, Exhibition] University of Pennsylvania. 1914. Catalogue of an Exhibition of the Art of the Far East. : Page/Fig./Plate: No. 7View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Kummel, Otto. 1914. Die Ausstellung Der Sammlung Perzynski Im Berliner Kunstgewerbemuseum. Ostasiatische Zeitschrift. Jahrg. 2 (Heft 4 Januar/Maerz): 457-461.View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Perzynski, Friedrich. 1913. Jagd auf Gotter. Die neue Rundschau. (October) : Page/Fig./Plate: 1427View Objects cited in this Publication

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