University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number:82-7-54
Current Location: Collections Storage
Provenience: Northeast Thailand
Period: 18th century
Date Made: 1780s
Early Date: 1900
Late Date: 1981
Height: 4 cm
Length: 46.4 cm
Width: 8.3 cm
Credit Line:Museum Purchase, 1981
Other Number:131? - Other Number
252? - Other Number
12 - Field Number


18th-century manuscript (ต้นฉบับ) from northeast Thailand written in Lao (Northern Thai, Tham). Accompanied by a modern printed tag in Thai from the Fine Arts Department certifying permission for the manuscript to leave Thailand. Written in 4 lines per leaf. Unusually foliated with a combination of letters and numerals. Written by a poorly trained scribe, lacking tone marks. Leaves of palm leaf, many damaged, with four holes, two central ones approximately 17.5 cm apart and two at the left and right margins; lacquered edges. Wooden covers with a cord tied through the two center holes; writing in old Lao inside the lower cover. Possibly written in the 1780s.


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