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Object Number:29-31-1
Current Location: Native American Voices
Currently On Display
Provenience: Canada
British Columbia
Queen Charlotte Islands
Culture Area: Northwest Coast Culture Area
Height: 100.3 cm
Width: 61 cm
Credit Line:Purchased from G. T. Emmons, 1929


Ceremonial Copper. The form which is legendary represents the sea grizzly bear. These plaques were used as money; they were frequently given as pledges for the payment of debts - particularly war debts; the value is 8 male slaves. The pure copper welding is evidence of the age of the specimen.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

The Root of All Evil (Special Exhibition of Money) (16 Dec 1945) View Objects in Exhibition
The Shadow Catcher: E.S. Curtis (01 Feb 1980 - 01 Aug 1980) View Objects in Exhibition
Native American Voices: The People - Here and Now (01 Mar 2014) View Objects in Exhibition
American Indian Life 1776-1976 ( Dec 1976 - 1978) View Objects in Exhibition


[Article] Wieschhoff, H. A. Dec 1945. "Primitive Money". Bulletin of the Pennsylvania Museum. Vol. 11:3. pg. 1-43 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 23 / 9View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] 1976. American Indian Life: 1776-1976.. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 24View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Catalogue, Collection] Williams, Lucy F. 2003. Guide to the North American Ethnographic Collection at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.. Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: p. 38, pl. 31View Objects related to this Actual Citation

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