Object Number:29-96-329
Current Location: Collections Storage
Provenience: Japan
Period: Edo Period (uncertain)
Meiji Period (uncertain)
Date Made: 19th Century
Early Date: 1800
Late Date: 1899
Turquoise (uncertain)
Coral (uncertain)
Inscription Language:Japanese Language
Height: 57 cm
Width: 38 cm
Credit Line:Bequest of Maxwell Sommerville, 1904


Monju (Sanskrit: Manjusri), the bodhisattva of wisdom and guardian of the sacred doctrine, is an important divinity in the Buddhist pantheon. In his right hand he carries the sword of knowledge which cleaves the clouds of ignorance. In his other hand he carries a sutra to symbolize his wisdom. Although Monju will sometimes form the center of an altar, he is frequently paired with Fugen. The two usually form a triad with Sakyamuni, the Historical Buddha, or Dainichi, the Cosmic Buddha. Carved gilded wood image wearing monk's robes with gilded metal openwork crown and necklace with dangles and turquoise and coral beads. Seated in vajrasana, with bottoms of feet facing upward. Right hand lowered with sword pointing up. Left hand raised to chest level holding scroll. The mandorla is 29-96-331C. The lotus base is 29-96-331A and B. The figure sits on the back of a lion (29-96-330) which stands on a base (29-96-331D).

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Collection of Japanese Buddhist Art (1899) View Objects in Exhibition
Buddhism: History and Diversity of a Great Tradition (12 Dec 1985 - 21 Oct 2012) View Objects in Exhibition
Buddhist Asia (21 Oct 2012 - 01 Apr 2022) View Objects in Exhibition


[Catalogue] Possehl, Gregory L., and Ch'eng-mei, Chang, and Peters, Heather A., and Lyons, Elizabeth. 1985. Buddhism: History and Diversity of a Great Tradition.. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 9,10View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Sommerville, Maxwell. 1904. Monograph of the Buddhist Temple in the Free Museum of Science and Art, University of Pennsylvania.. Philadelphia. pg. 1-47 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 12View Objects related to this Actual Citation

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