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Playing Card Deck

Object Number:29-238-18
Current Location: Collections Storage
Provenience: China
Period: 19th Century
Date Made: 1889 - 1893
Early Date: 1889
Late Date: 1893
Inscription Language:Chinese Language
Length: 7.3 cm
Width: 1.6 cm
Credit Line:Purchased from William Henry Wilkinson, 1903
Other Number:Wilkinson 18 - Collector Number
29-191-242.13 - Old Museum Number


116 rectangular playing cards based on Chinese Chess (象棋 xiangqi). Backs white with hexagonal motif in gray. Two types of face cards. One is sparse black on white with a pair of circular motifs enclosing a Chinese character and a single character (same for each of this type) in between. The surface of the second type is entirely filled with printing including Chinese characters, two dragons and a coin. This type is sometimes all in black and sometimes in black and red.

From Culin publication: "No. 18. - From Swatow. Eight each of the seven black and of the seven white men, except that of the soldiers, there are ten of each color. The Generals (Kings) are elaborately ornamented. Long, narrow gray cards, apt to curl up. Total, 116. This, in common with all other packs of its class, is known as Ku-ma-p'au, "Rook-knight-cannon."


[Book] Culin, Robert S. 1895. Korean Games, with Notes on the Corresponding Games of China and Japan.. Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: pg. 143, No. 18View Objects related to this Actual Citation

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