University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number:51-9-1
Current Location: Collections Storage
Provenience: Thailand
Period: 18th century
Date Made: 1786
Early Date: 1786
Late Date: 1786
Materials:Palm Leaf
Iconography:Buddhist Text
Buddhist Literature
Inscription Language:Lao Language
Lao Yuon Script
Lao Tham Script
Credit Line:Gift of Mrs. W. H. Kneedler, 1951
Other Number:M35 - Levitt Number
L-1-50 - Other Number


28 leaves of a Nissaya text on grammar, divided into eight parts with an associated name, Suvaññasācca and 23 leaves of another Nissaya text, possibly written by a novice named Caddhaguman. Written on palm leaves. Written in 5 lines per leaf. Sec.A: Two lateral holes with tie cord. Edges were once gilded. Colophon at end. Additional colophonic (and/or invocational) material on f.gham verso, otherwise blank. Upper right side of f.gham broken, destroying text. A few worm holes. Black powder rubbed into incisions. On many folios the stain of the varnish used to give the letters a brown appearance either has remained on the folios-staining different folios in varying degrees-but has not taken in the incisions that is difficult to read the the letters, has taken in some letters but not others on the same folio, was put on so heavily on one side of a folio that the letters of one side show through to the other side thereby making the text difficult to read, or is somewhat splattered on the folio thereby also making it somewhat difficult to read the text. The stain has not been applied to all the folios. The script has a somewhat awkward appearance. Foliated with letters of the Lanna alphabet, ga to kho. Sec.B: Two lateral holes with tie cord. Final colophon at end. Edges colored red on top and bottom. Edges on right and left frayed on most folios, and extremely frayed on first folio (unlettered) and last two folios ( and nu). Surface of next to last folio ( worn off in spots, especially on verso, destroying some text leaving strips of fiber which are only loosely attached to folio. This process is beginning on last folio ( also. Black powder rubbed into incisions. Varnish, giving letters brown appearance, rubbed in on parts of some folios only. The varnish often leaves stains around incised letters. Some interlinear corrections in black ink. Lengthy addition incised and colored in with powder in upper margin f.ghi verso. The script is neat, clear, even, regular, and slighlty ornamental. Foliated with letters of the Lanna alphabet, ga to ngu. Possibly written in 1143 BE (1786 CE).


[Electronic] Nissaya manuscript fragments [electronic resource], 1143 BE (1786), undated.. Actual CitationView Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Catalogue] Levitt, Stephan H. 1980. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Indic and Greater Indic Manuscripts in the Collection of the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania.. Philadelphia. The Library Chronicle. pg. 97-152 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 140-2View Objects related to this Actual Citation

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