University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number: 29-64-223
Current Location: Collections storage
Provenience: India
Date Made: 2nd Century - 3rd Century
Early Date: 100
Late Date: 299
Bas Relief
Height: 57.1cm
Width: 39.9cm
Credit Line:Alexander Scott Expedition to India, 1915-1918


Micaceous slate bas relief. This beautiful relief from the northwestern region of Gandhara displays three different scenes from top to bottom. A the top stands the Buddha adored by two attendants, while in the center the Buddha is seated as he receives the adoration of four devotees. At the bottom is a fine and characteristic rendering of the 'great passing away' of the Buddha from his earthly existence. Lying on a bed, he is surrounded by his disciples who express the tremendous anguish they feel at the loss of their spiritual leader. To the right of the Buddha's feet is Ananda, his favorite disciple, to whom he has just delivered his last teaching. The Gandhara style is best understood as a provincial expression of the late antique style of Rome. This 'classical' influence is evident in the treatment of the figures, the robes they wear, and in the line of acanthus leaves used to separate th bottom scene from the middle one. Originally, this carved fragment was part of a stone revetment of a Buddhist stupa (reliquary mound) positioned so that worshippers who came to honor the Buddha would see the events of his life and learn of his spiritual accomplishments.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Buddhism: History and Diversity of a Great Tradition (12 Dec 1985 - 21 Oct 2012)View Objects in Exhibition


[Book] Horne, Lee C. 1985. Introduction to the Collections of The University Museum. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 54,Figure 1View Objects related to this Actual Citation

You may also be interested in these objects:

See a problem? Let us know

© Penn Museum 2018 Sitemap | Contact | Copyright | Disclaimer | Privacy |