The Penn Museum is temporarily closed to the public due to COVID-19. Learn more.
logo

Statue

Object Number:C229
Current Location: Collections Storage
Culture:Chinese
Buddhist
Provenience: China
Period: Ming Dynasty
Date Made: Ming Dynasty
Early Date: 1368
Late Date: 1644
Section:Asian
Materials:Bronze
Gilding
Technique:Gilt
Iconography:Vairochana Buddha
Height: 152 cm
Credit Line:The Chinese Expedition, Carl W. Bishop, 1916
Other Number:GETZ 32 - Other Number

Description

Gilt bronze statue of Vairochana Buddha. This image of Vairochana represents the central Buddha of the Tiantai and Huayan sects. This figure is believed to be the spiritual foundation from which all other Buddhas emanate, and is depicted in samboghakaya form, in the “enjoyment body” taken after full spiritual awakening. The supreme enlightenment of all the Buddhas is represented here by the hand gesture, called uttarabodhi mudra. Figure is of heroic size seated cross-legged upon a lotus throne which has four rows of petals. The soles of the feet are turned upward and the crown has five jewelled peaks each containing a small seated Buddha. Other physical attributes include long ears, a broad forehead, eyes downcast, and a small raised urna.

Bibliography:

[Article] Murai, Noriko, and Chong, Alan, and Abe, Stanley K. 2009. "Collecting Chinese Sculpture: Paris, New York, Boston". Journeys East: Isabella Stewart Gardner and Asia. Boston. Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. pg. 432-442 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 438, Fig. 11View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Catalogue] Getz, John. 1916. The University Museum Exhibition of Oriental Art.. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: p. 186, No. 32View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Article] Bishop, Carl W. 1916. "Notes on Chinese Statuary". The Museum Journal. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Vol. VII. no. No. 3. pg. 152-177 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 175, Figure 172View Objects related to this Actual Citation

You may also be interested in these objects:


See a problem? Let us know online.collections@pennmuseum.org