University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number: C64
Current Location: Collections storage
Culture:Chinese
Provenience: China
Hebei
Xiangtangshan
Period: Northern Qi Dynasty
Date Made: Northern Qi Dynasty
Early Date: 550
Late Date: 577
Section:Asian
Materials:Stone
Pigment
Technique:Carved
Iconography:Buddha Head
Height: 51cm
Credit Line:Gift of A. G. Worch, 1914
Other NumberGETZ 19 - Other Number

Description

Stone head of Buddha. Stone with traces of pigment. Hacked from a colossal statue. The long earlobes of the Buddha are a reminder of the heavy earrings that he wore before renouncing material things to seek enlightenment. His rounded cheeks are meant to resemble those of a lion, an animal that is praised for its power and associated with Sakyamuni, the historical Buddha. The ushnisha, or cranial protuberance which may have originally been based on a topknot or turban, is considered a mark of wisdom. The urna, or marking on the forehead, is an all seeing eye. Finally the wavy hair of the Buddha suggests Greco Roman influence a departure from the conventional curls typical of Chinese sculptures at the time.


Current & Past Exhibitions:

Chinese Rotunda (1968)View Objects in Exhibition
Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966)View Objects in Exhibition
Exhibition of the Art of the Far East ( Dec 1914)View Objects in Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Catalogue] Tsiang, Katherine R. 2010. Echoes of the past : the Buddhist cave temples of Xiangtangshan. : Page/Fig./Plate: pg. 248 fig. 70View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1941. The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects. The University Museum Bulletin. 9 (2-3) : Page/Fig./Plate: p. 61View Objects cited in this Publication
[Book] Siren, Osvald. 1925. Chinese sculpture from the fifth to the fourteenth century; over 900 specimens in stone, bronze, lacquer and wood, principally from northern China. : Page/Fig./Plate: Plate 467DView Objects cited in this Publication
[Catalogue] Getz, John. 1917. The University Museum Section of Oriental Art. : Page/Fig./Plate: No. 19, p. 183View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Bishop, Charles W. 1914. Two Sculptured Chinese Heads. The Museum Journal. 5 (3): 136-140. : Page/Fig./Plate: 136-140View Objects cited in this Publication
[Catalogue, Exhibition] University of Pennsylvania. 1914. Catalogue of an Exhibition of the Art of the Far East. : Page/Fig./Plate: No. 15View Objects cited in this Publication

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