University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Native NamePhurpa
Object Number: A1126
Current Location: Collections storage
Tibetan Buddhist
Provenience: Tibet
Date Made: 14th Century - Early 15th Century
Early Date: 1300
Late Date: 1425
Credit Line:Purchased from Alexander Scott, 1914


Iron phurpha, ceremonial dagger. Four heads at the top with a bird on the knob above. The three edges of the dagger stand for the three virtues. The simple pillar is symbolic of Mount Meru which supposed to be of this shape, tapering towards both ends. The three heads are Vajrapani, Hayagriva, and Kundali. The bird on the top is supposed to be Garuda, the personification of aspiration and righteous ambition. 500-600 years old.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Exhibition of the Art of the Far East ( Dec 1914)View Objects in Exhibition


[Article] Scott, Alexander. 1914. "The Alexander Scott Collection". The Museum Journal. 5 (2): 55-114. : Page/Fig./Plate: Fig. 42cView Objects cited in this Publication
[Catalogue, Exhibition] University of Pennsylvania. 1914. Catalogue of an Exhibition of the Art of the Far East. : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 32 No. 16View Objects cited in this Publication

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