University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
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Object Number: 55-34-7
Current Location: China Gallery
Currently On Display
Culture:Chinese
Provenience: China
Henan
Anyang
Xiaotun
Period: Shang Dynasty
Date Made: Shang Dynasty
Early Date: -1523
Late Date: -1028
Section:Asian
Materials:Bone
Technique:Inscribed
Height: 5.5cm
Width: 2.2cm
Credit Line:Exchange with Peabody Museum, Harvard, 1955
Other NumberD836 - Other Number
15-44-60 - Peabody Number

Description

Fragment of bone with ancient Chinese characters inscribed on it. Said to be one of a collection of oracle bones obtained by Langdon Warner in 1913-14 at the village of Xiaotun at the site of Anyang. Shang Dynasty kings used oracle bones as a form of divination to seek supernatural guidance about important political, social, and personal issues. Usually created from cattle shoulder blades and the underside of turtle shells, the bones were smoothed and then heated until they cracked. By interpreting the cracks, royal diviners believed they were recieving insight that allowed them to answer questions about the future. In many cases, a record of the reading was written on the bones. These texts provide invaluable information about early chinese religion, politics, and elite life.


Bibliography:

[Article] Mair, Victor A. 2001. The Case of the Wayward Oracle Bone. Expedition: The Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. 43 (2) : Page/Fig./Plate: Fig. 1aView Objects cited in this Publication

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