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Object Number:C447
Current Location: Asia Galleries
Currently On Display
Provenience: China
Qixian Monastery
Period: Wei Dynasty
Date Made: 546 CE
Early Date: 546
Late Date: 546
Low Relief
Iconography:Sakyamuni Buddha
Birth of Sakyamuni
Baptism of Buddha
Life of the Buddha
Buddhist Deities
Earth Deities
Inscription Language:Chinese Language
Credit Line:Purchased from Worch of Paris, 1925
Other Number:Getz 13 - Other Number
C447B - Other Number


Carved grey limestone statue with traces of color of a standing Sakyamuni Buddha in varada and abhaya mudras. Sakyamuni is the historical Buddha. Born as Siddhartha Gautama in 563 BCE, he preached to his followers that it was possible to break the endless cycle of birth and rebirth through enlightenment. The backside of the Buddha has an inscription that gives the date and place of origin of the staute as well as scences that depict the early life of the Budhha. The Buddha's miraculous birth from his mother's hip is shown by his emergence from his mother's sleeve. Other scences illustrate deities receiving the newborn Buddha. The Buddha is carved in high relief against a mandorla with earth deities bearing censers, apsaras and flames in low relief. Back is carved with scenes of the Buddha's nativity, baptism, the "seven steps" and the birth of Kanthaka, the Buddha's horse. The date, provenience and names of donors are inscribed below. The inscription states it was made on the 8th day of the 2nd moon of the 4th year of Wuding of Great Wei (March 25, 546 CE) by the priests of the Qixian Monastery (栖賢寺) of Jiaozuo. The ancient site of this city is in the southwest of the modern Wuzhi District, Huaizhou (懷州) prefecture, in the city of Qinyang (沁陽) Henan province.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966) View Objects in Exhibition
Exhibition of Oriental Art (12 Feb 1916) View Objects in Exhibition
China Gallery (22 Feb 2017) View Objects in Exhibition
Chinese Rotunda (1968 - 22 Feb 2017) View Objects in Exhibition


[Article] Steinhardt, Nancy S. 2008. "The Chinese Rotunda". Arts of Asia. Kowloon. Arts of Asia Publications, Ltd. Vol. 38. no. 5. pg. 83-95 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 90, Fig. 23View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Seckel, Dietrich. 1957. Buddhistische Kunst Ostasiens.. Stuttgart. W. Kohlhammer. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Plate LV (back)View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. 1941. "The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects". The University Museum Bulletin. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Vol. 9. no. 2-3. pg. 9-50 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: p. 34-35View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Ashton, Leigh. 1924. An Introduction to the Study of Chinese Sculpture.. London. E. Benn, Ltd. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: pl. 55View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Article] Bishop, Carl W. 1916. "Notes on Chinese Statuary". The Museum Journal. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Vol. VII. no. No. 3. pg. 152-177 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 152-177, fig. 160, 161View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Catalogue] Getz, John. 1916. The University Museum Exhibition of Oriental Art.. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: No. 13View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Omura, Seigai. 1915. Shina bijutsushi: Chōso hen 支那美術史: 彫塑篇.. Tokyo. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: pg. 270, pl.568View Objects related to this Actual Citation

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