University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

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Object Number: C447
Current Location: China Gallery
Currently On Display
Provenience: China
Chi Hsien Monastery
Period: Wei Dynasty
Date Made: 546 AD
Early Date: 546
Late Date: 546
Low relief
Iconography:Sakyamuni Buddha
Birth of Sakyamuni
Baptism of Buddha
Life of the Buddha
Buddhist Deities
Earth Deities
Credit Line:Purchased from A. G. Worch, 1925
Other NumberGetz 13 - Other Number
C447B - Other Number


Carved grey limestone stela with traces of color. Standing Sakyamuni Buddha in varada and abhaya mudras. Sakyamuni is the historical Buddha. Born as Siddhartha Gautama in 563 BCE, he preached to his followers that it was possible to break the endless cycle of birth and rebirth through enlightenment. The backside of the Buddha has an inscription that gives the date and place of origin of the staute as well as scences that depict the early life of the Budhha. The Buddha's miraculous birth from his mother's hip is shown by his emergence from his mother's sleeve. Other scences illustrate deities receiving the newborn Buddha. The Buddha is carved in high relief against a mandorla with earth deities bearing censers, apsaras and flames in low relief. Back is carved with scenes of the Buddha's nativity, baptism, the "seven steps" and the birth of Kanthaka, the Buddha's horse. The date, provenience and names of donors are inscribed below. Inscription states it was made on the 8th day of the 2nd moon of the 4th year of Wuding of Great Wei (March 25, 546 CE) by the priests of the Ch'i-Hsien monastery of Hwai-Chow. The ancient site of this city is in the S.W. of the modern Wu-Chi District, Hwai Ch'ing prefecture, Henan.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Chinese Rotunda (1968)View Objects in Exhibition
Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966)View Objects in Exhibition


[Article] Steinhardt, Nancy S. 2008. "The Chinese Rotunda". Arts of Asia. 38 (5): 83-95. : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 90, Fig. 23View Objects related to this Bibliographic Reference
[Book] Seckel, Dietrich. 1957. Buddhistische Kunst Ostasiens. : Page/Fig./Plate: Plate LV (back)View Objects related to this Bibliographic Reference
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1941. The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects. The University Museum Bulletin. 9 (2-3) : Page/Fig./Plate: p. 34-35View Objects related to this Bibliographic Reference
[Book] Siren, Osvald. 1925. Chinese sculpture from the fifth to the fourteenth century; over 900 specimens in stone, bronze, lacquer and wood, principally from northern China. : Page/Fig./Plate: Plates 184, 185View Objects related to this Bibliographic Reference
[Book] Ashton, Leigh. 1924. An Introduction to the Study of Chinese Sculpture. : Page/Fig./Plate: pl. 55View Objects related to this Bibliographic Reference
[Article] Bishop, Charles W. 1916. Notes on Chinese Statuary. The Museum Journal. Volume VII (No. 3): 152-177. : Page/Fig./Plate: 152-177, fig. 160, 161View Objects related to this Bibliographic Reference
[Catalogue] Getz, John. 1916. The Univesity Museum Exhibition of Oriental Art. : Page/Fig./Plate: No. 13View Objects related to this Bibliographic Reference

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