University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

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Object Number:B2945
Current Location: Middle East Galleries
Currently On Display
Provenience: Iraq
Section:Near Eastern
Inscription Language:Aramaic
Height: 7.5 cm
Outside Diameter:18.3 cm
Credit Line:Babylonian Expedition to Nippur I,1889
Other Number:PBS III: 2 - Other Number


CBS Register: terracotta bowl, 17 pieces, 7 lines of Hebrew around 2 demons Complete-17 Fr/7 Line Inscription/2 Demons; object is probably wheel-made; a black line runs around the bowl's rim; object has a rounded bottom; text is in concentric circles Aramaic Levy: "This bowl was prepared to protect Abuna bar Geribta and Ibba bar Zawithai from a series of evil forces, and its writer drew his power from the garment of Hermes and the Creator of heaven and earth. He threatened the destructive forces with the curses of the Leviathan and Sodom and Gemorrah. The circular format of the text is normal for magic bowls, but the presence of an illustration is unusual, though not unique. The figures are not labelled, and their identities and purposes are not certain. J.A. Montgomery, who first published the Nippur bowls, suggested that the figure with the found feet is a demon and that the other figure is the sorcerer."

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Magic in the Ancient World (16 Apr 2016 - 30 Apr 2017) View Objects in Exhibition
Middle East Galleries (21 Apr 2018) View Objects in Exhibition


[Book] Montgomery, James A. 1913. Aramaic Incantation Texts from Nippur.. University Museum. Vol. 3. pg. 326 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 121/ No.2./ Pl. 2 View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Catalogue] Levy, B. B. 1990. Planets, Potions and Parchments: Scientifica Hebraica from the Dead Sea Scrolls to the Eighteenth Century.. Montreal. Jewish Public Library. pg. 140 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 87/ Cat. no. 120View Objects related to this Actual Citation

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