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Object Number:B17711
Current Location: Collections Storage
Provenience: Iraq
Archaeology Area: PG 800
Period: Early Dynastic III
Date Made: 2600-2450 BCE
Early Date: -2600
Late Date: -2450
Section:Near Eastern
Lapis Lazuli
Length: 66 cm
Width: 10 cm
Credit Line:British Museum/University Museum Expedition to Ur, Iraq, 1928
Other Number:U.10936 - Field No SF
U.10934 - Field No SF


Shubad, now Puabi.

CBS Register: U.10936-10934 (ribbon) Queen Shubad's headdress. fourth crown. 14 gold flowers. inlaid petals. blue lapis and paste. 13 groups of willow leaves of gold, with tip of carnelian, 3 strings, gold, laps and ribbon.

This wreath was found above the other wreaths on the skull of Queen Puabi in grave 800 in the Royal Cemetery at Ur. Here three willow leaves are gathered 11 times, and two are gathered twice. In between the gathered leaves are lapis and paste flowers (13 of them) which have alternating lapis and paste petals around a gold center with a lapis bead at the center of that. The flowers themselves are gold. All of the willow leaves are tipped in a carnelian ring, but for one which is missing it. [and one, which is broken] . Unlike the poplar leaves on her other crowns, these are not one piece of gold, but the central leaf seems to be the solid one that is folded over on itself for the bead joiner. There are three holes created, which mean there are three strings of beads between each element. There are also three holes through the flowers, again, creating three strands between element. the pattern appears to be: top strand, alternating gold and lapis balls; middle strand: alternating gold and lapis squat biconical beads; and the bottom strand has alternating gold and lapis pendants separated by a small lapis ball. There are clearly acceptions to this throughout, but this is the basic pattern.

The two cuneiform signs that compose her name were initially read as "Shub-ad" in Sumerian. Today, however, we think they should be read in Akkadian as "Pu-abi."

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Ancient Mesopotamia: The Royal Tombs of Ur (1983 - 1998) View Objects in Exhibition
Five Thousand Years of Vanity (06 Jan 1944 - 28 Feb 1944) View Objects in Exhibition
Iraq's Ancient Past: Rediscovering Ur's Royal Cemetery ( Oct 2009 - Jan 2017) View Objects in Exhibition
Middle East Galleries (21 Apr 2018) View Objects in Exhibition


[Book] Reichel, Clemens, and Evans, Jean M., and Green, Jack D., and Benzel, Kim, and Miller, Naomi, and Pittman, Holly, and Zettler, Richard L., and Hafford, William B., and Azara, Pedro, and Chi, Jennifer. Feb 2015. From Ancient to Modern: Archaeology and Aesthetics.. New York City. Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University. pg. 240 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 151View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Dorling Kindersley Limited. 2014. History of the World in 1,000 Objects.. London. Dorling Kindersley Limited. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 25View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Quick, Jennifer. 2004. Magnificent Objects from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.. Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. ed. 1st. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 147View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Catalogue, Exhibition] Aruz, Joan. 2003. Art of the First Cities: The Third Millenium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus.. New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 110-111View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Catalogue] Horne, Lee C., and Zettler, Richard L. 1998. Treasures from the Royal Tombs of Ur.. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Pages 89-92/Figure 29View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Roaf, Michael. 1990. Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East.. Facts On File. pg. 238 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 93View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Article] Legrain, Leon. 1929. "The Boudoir of Queen Shubad". The Museum Journal. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Vol. 20. no. 3-4. pg. 210-245 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: p. 210; p. 214, pl. II; p. 218, pl. IVView Objects related to this Actual Citation

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