University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

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Object Number:C432
Current Location: China & Japan Gallery
Currently On Display
Provenience: China
Period: Wei Dynasty
Date Made: Wei Dynasty- Late 6th Century
Early Date: 386
Late Date: 599
Iconography:Fu Lion
Height: 137.2 cm
Credit Line:Purchased from C. T. Loo, 1924


Massive stone fu lion sitting very erect on its haunches and throwing out its chest. Weathered grey limestone with traces of yellow paint on lower part. Huge muzzle, round eyes, short ears, mouth open showing tongue; small beard; mane represented in low relief, very flat, indicating flame and scroll; vertical pillar-like front paws. The lion, associated with royal power and prestige, may be a reference to the historical Buddha, Sakyamuni, who was known as the "lion of the Shakya clan." This lion is one of a pair with C433 and would have been placed along the entrance to the tomb as a guardian or as a protector at a gate to a temple.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Chinese Rotunda (1968) View Objects in Exhibition
Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966) View Objects in Exhibition


[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1941. "The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects". The University Museum Bulletin. Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Vol. 9. no. 2-3. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 13, Fig. 5View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Siren, Osvald. 1925. Chinese sculpture from the fifth to the fourteenth century; over 900 specimens in stone, bronze, lacquer and wood, principally from northern China.. London. E. Benn, Ltd. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Plate 114View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Article] 1924. "Chinese Sculpture". The Museum Journal. Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Museum. Vol. XV. no. No. 4. pg. 258-287 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 264, plate VIIView Objects related to this Actual Citation

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