University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number:E17527
Current Location: Collections Storage
Provenience: Egypt
Memphis (Egypt)
Locus: Palace of Merenptah Rm 14 West Door
Period: New Kingdom
Nineteenth Dynasty
Date Made: 1213-1204 BC
Early Date: -1213
Late Date: -1204
Section:Egyptian
Materials:Limestone
Technique:Sunk relief
Iconography:King
Merneptah
Smiting
Enemy
Lioness
Inscription Language:Hieroglyphic
Height: 118 cm
Width: 56 cm
Depth: 10 cm
Thickness: 0 cm
Credit Line:The Eckley B. Coxe Jr. Expedition to Mit-Rahineh (Memphis), Egypt; Clarence Stanley Fisher, 1915

Description

King Merenptah is shown in a smiting pose defeating Asiatic enemies. The lioness bounds forward to assist. The King is flanked by an anthropomorphic standard bearing a hieroglyphic text. Before the king are 2 columns of text with his names in cartouches. Above the smiting scene are the ends of two columns of large hieroglyphs. The king wears the crown of upper and lower Egypt. The scene is historical, for Merenptah's armies fought in theLevant, but also symbolic. It represents the royal ideology of pharaoh dominant over all foreigners and provides magical protection against supernatural evil that might enter through the side doorway in which the jamb was set.


Current & Past Exhibitions:

Searching for Ancient Egypt: (1997 - 1997) View Objects in Exhibition
Man and Animals: Living, Working and Changing Together (04 Oct 1984 - 30 Mar 1985) View Objects in Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Book] Wegner, Jennifer H., and Wegner, Josef W. 2015. The Sphinx That Traveled To Philadelphia.. Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Press. pg. 239 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 160,209/7.24,8.25View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Silverman, David P. 1997. Searching for Ancient Egypt: Art, Architecture and Artifacts from the University of Pennsylvania Museum.. Cornell University Press. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 166/50AView Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Thomas, Nancy. The American Discovery of Ancient Egypt.. Los Angeles County Museum of Art and American Research Center in Egypt. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 186-187/87View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Horne, Lee C. 1985. Introduction to the Collections of The University Museum.. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 24/14View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Moss, Rosalind L., and Porter, Bertha. 1981. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings III: Memphis, Part 2. Saqqara to Dahshur.. Oxford. Clarendon Press. ed. 2nd. Vol. III. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 856View Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Catalogue, Exhibition] Kondo, Jiro, and Ziegler, Christiane. 11 Jul 2015. Cleopatra and The Queens of Egypt.. Tokyo. NHK Promotions Inc. pg. 239 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 65/38View Objects related to this Actual Citation

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