University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

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Object Number: E17527
Current Location: Egypt (Sphinx) Gallery
Currently On Display
Provenience: Egypt
Memphis (Egypt)
Locus: From palace of Merenptah
Period: New Kingdom
Nineteenth Dynasty
Date Made: 1213-1204 BC
Early Date: -1213
Late Date: -1204
Technique:Sunk relief
Height: 118cm
Width: 56cm
Depth: 10cm
Credit Line:The Eckley B. Coxe Jr. Expedition to Mit-Rahineh (Memphis), Egypt; Clarence Stanley Fisher, 1915


King Merenptah is shown in a smiting pose defeating Asiatic enemies. The lioness bounds forward to assist. The King is flanked by an anthropomorphic standard bearing a hieroglyphic text. Before the king are 2 columns of text with his names in cartouches. Above the smiting scene are the ends of two columns of large hieroglyphs. The king wears the crown of upper and lower Egypt. The scene is historical, for Merenptah's armies fought in theLevant, but also symbolic. It represents the royal ideology of pharaoh dominant over all foreigners and provides magical protection against supernatural evil that might enter through the side doorway in which the jamb was set.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Searching for Ancient Egypt: (1997 - 1997)View Objects in Exhibition
Man and Animals: Living, Working and Changing Together (04 Oct 1984 - 30 Mar 1985)View Objects in Exhibition


[Book] Wegner, Josef W. & Wegner, Jennifer H. 2015. The Sphinx That Traveled To Philadelphia. 239. : Page/Fig./Plate: 160,209/7.24,8.25View Objects cited in this Publication
[Book] Silverman, David P. 1997. Searching for Ancient Egypt: Art, Architecture and Artifacts from the University of Pennsylvania Museum. : Page/Fig./Plate: 166/50AView Objects cited in this Publication
[Book] Thomas, Nancy. The American Discovery of Ancient Egypt. : Page/Fig./Plate: 186-187/87View Objects cited in this Publication
[Book] Horne, Lee C. 1985. Introduction to the Collections of The University Museum. : Page/Fig./Plate: 24/14View Objects cited in this Publication
[Book] Porter, Bertha & Moss, Rosalind L. 1964. The Theban Necropolis Vol II. Vol II. Part 2. : Page/Fig./Plate: 856View Objects cited in this Publication
[Catalogue, Exhibition] Ziegler, Christiane & Kondo, Jiro. 2015. Cleopatra and The Queens of Egypt. : Page/Fig./Plate: 65/38View Objects cited in this Publication

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