Carved bone. Formerly used by chiefs' wives and daughters. The ornament is made in two pieces: a cap, usually made of shell, with a cavity lined with soft wood into which fits a shank extending from one end of the ornament proper. The usual material for the latter is said to have been bone from the skeleton of a relative of the original wearer, the figures representing ancestors. These ornaments were highly valued and were inherited in the female line.
[Article] Hall, H. U. 1921. "Art of the Marquesas Islanders". The Museum Journal. Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Museum. Vol. XII. no. No. 4. pg. 252-292 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: 281