University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number: C492
Current Location: Collections storage
Provenience: China
Period: Ming Dynasty
Date Made: C. 1476
Early Date: 1476
Late Date: 1496
Iconography:Tejaprabha Buddha
Sun-chariot Wheel
Height: 5.41m
Width: 2.36m
Credit Line:Purchased from C. T. Loo, 1926


The central figure in this mural is Tejaprabha, the Buddha of Blazing Light, who protects against natural calamities. He is sometimes paired with Bhaisajyaguru, the Healing Buddha, and is identified by a gold wheel in his hand and the title of the sutra held by one of his accompanying bodhisattvas. Other celestial deities, attendants, monks, and worshippers surround him.

This section contains the central Buddha image with worshippers at the bottom. This is one section of a wall painting, the other sections are C493, C494, C495 and C692.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Chinese Rotunda (1968)View Objects in Exhibition
Chinese Halls (1941 - 1966)View Objects in Exhibition


[Article] Steinhardt, Nancy S. 2008. "The Chinese Rotunda". Arts of Asia. 38 (5): 83-95. : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 93, Fig. 27 View Objects cited in this Publication
[Book] Jing, Anning. 2002. The Water God's Temple of the Guangsheng Monastery: Cosmic Function of Art, Ritual, & Theater. : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 212-214, Fig. 4-22View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Baldwin, Michelle. 1994. Monumental Wall Paintings of the Assembly of the Buddha from Shanxi Province: Historiography, Iconography, Three Styles, and a New Chronology. Artibus Asiae. 54 (3/4): 241-267.View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Jing, Anning. 1991. The Yuan Buddhist Mural of the Paradise of Bhaisajyaguru. Metropolitan Museum Journal. Volume 26: 147-166.View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Steinhardt, Nancy S. 1987. Zhu Haogu Reconsidered: A New Date for the Rom Painting and the Southern Shanxi Buddhist-Daoist Style. Artibus Asiae. Volume XLVIII ( 1/2)View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Ka-bo, Tsang. 1979. Royal Ontario Museum, Far Eastern Department. Arts of Asia. 9 (2): Chinese Paintings.View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Lippe, Aschwin. 1965. Buddha and the Holy Multitude. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. 23 (9): p. 325-335. : Page/Fig./Plate: Fig. 4View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Jayne, Horace H. F. 1941. The Chinese Collections of The University Museum: A Handbook of the Principal Objects. The University Museum Bulletin. 9 (2-3) : Page/Fig./Plate: Pg. 17 on rightView Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] 1929. Recent Museum Acquisitions - Eastern Art. Parnassus. Volume I (December) (No. 8): pg. 30. : Page/Fig./Plate: 30View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Fernald, Helen E. 1929. Two Sections of Chinese Fresco Newly Acquired. The Museum Journal. Volume XX (No. 2): 119-130. : Page/Fig./Plate: 119-130View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Miller, J. L. 1928. "Ancient Chinese Wall Paintings: Recently Brought to This Country by the University of Pennsylvania Museum". The Mentor. 16 (3 (April)): 41-44.View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Fernald, Helen E. 1928. Another Fresco from Moon Hill Monastery. The Museum Journal. Volume XIX (2) : Page/Fig./Plate: 109-129View Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Yetts, W. P. 1927. Some Buddhist Frescoes from China. The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs. Volume 51 ( No. 294) : Page/Fig./Plate: 121-128, Plates I, IIView Objects cited in this Publication
[Article] Fernald, Helen E. 1926. Chinese Frescoes of the T'ang Dynasty in the Museum, 618-906 A.D. The Museum Journal. Volume XVII (No. 3) : Page/Fig./Plate: 229-244View Objects cited in this Publication

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