The Gordion Archaeological Project
First Active Penn Museum Archaeological Site Named in UNESCO World Heritage List
The announcement occurred during the 45th World Heritage Committee meeting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, officially recognizing Gordion’s longstanding cultural and archaeological significance.Read More
Gordion is one of the most important archaeological sites in the Near East, occupied for more than 4,000 years from the Bronze Age to modern times.
People began living at the site of Gordion in the Early Bronze Age, at least as early as ca. 2500 BCE.
Gordion’s heyday came in the Iron Age, following the breakup of the Hittite kingdom.
Seat of King Midas
695 B.C. — 676 B.C.
Gordion is also linked with Midas, the Iron Age king, who in later Greek mythology is cursed with the “golden touch”
Alexander cuts Knot
334 B.C. — 333 B.C.
Alexander the Great cut the famous Gordian Knot and fulfilled a prophecy to become the ruler of Asia.
277 B.C. — 189 B.C.
The Galatians moved into Anatolia from ancient Thrace in eastern Europe and ultimately settled in the Gordion region
The inhabitants of Gordion abandoned the site in the face of a Roman punitive expedition into Galatia led by the consul Manlius Vulso.
Alfred and Gustav Körte excavated five tumuli and two locations on the citadel mound.
1950 — 1973
First series of excavations by the University of Pennsylvania, directed by Rodney S. Young.
1988 — 2006
Excavations resumed once again in 1988 under the direction of Mary Voigt of the College of William and Mary.