Artefactual Evidence

Glass at Gordion

The glass vessels recovered from fifty years of archaeological investigation at Gordion make up one of the most extensive bodies of early luxury glassware from datable contexts. The corpus currently comprises over 1,700 diagnostic fragments ranging in date from the Iron Age to the Roman Empire, and representing every major glass forming technology of the ancient world, from molding to core-forming to inflation.

The glass vessels from Gordion rival the glass finds from Nimrud in the

Seals at Gordion

Gordion has so far produced 114 artifacts that have been classified as seals or seal impressions. The numbers by time period are as follows: seven seals and seven impressions of Bronze Age date; one seal of Early Iron Age date; one seal, one possible seal, and one impression from the Early Phrygian Iron Age; 12 seals, one possible seal, and one impression from the Middle Phrygian Iron Age; 22 seals and seven impressions, plus one object probably incorrectly catalogued as a seal, of Achaemenid

Gordion Furniture Project

The excavations of Rodney Young uncovered an exceptional collection of Phrygian furniture and wooden objects from the City Mound and three royal tombs at Gordion. Excavated between 1956 and 1959, Tumulus W, Tumulus P, and Tumulus MM (mid-ninth to later eighth century BCE) produced an unparalleled group of wood finds, including at least 50 pieces of fine furniture and more than 70 small objects. These included tables, serving stands, stools, a bed, and a log coffin, as well as plates, bowls, s

Textile Production at Gordion

The site of Gordion provides an almost ideal opportunity to study the organization of a well-developed textile industry from the Iron Age, and to see how this craft functioned in the political economy of first millennium BCE Anatolia. The scale of production is indicated by the large quantity of textile tools found in standardized workshop units in the Terrace Building and the “Clay Cut Structure.” These buildings were constructed on an extensive terrace approximately one meter high behind th