University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
193353

View All (24) Object Images


111759
29422
29386
102137
Object Number: E12326
Current Location: Egypt (Sphinx) Gallery
Currently On Display
Provenience: Egypt
Memphis (Egypt)
Locus: Sacred enclosure of the temple of the god Ptah
Period: New Kingdom
Nineteenth Dynasty
Date Made: 1293-1185 BCE
Section:Egyptian
Materials:Granite
Iconography:Sphinx
Length: 362cm
Width: 145cm
Credit Line:Gift of the British School of Archaeology, 1913

Description

Red granite Sphinx of Ramses II, (19th Dynasty, circa 1293-1185 BCE). It was excavated in the area of the sacred enclosure of the temple of the god Ptah at Memphis, Egypt. The sphinx, a lion with a human head, represents the power of the Egyptian king, both to protect his people and to conquer the enemies of Egypt. This statue was buried up to its shoulders; only the exposed head was attacked by windblown sand, which eroded the facial features and the royal false beard. The inscriptions on the chest and around the base give the five names of Ramses II. His son and successor, Merenptah, added his own cartouches to the shoulders after his father's death. This sphinx, the the largest in the Western hemisphere, was quarried at Aswan and transported by river to the Ptah Temple at Memphis, 600 miles away. While it has never been placed on a scale, it is estimated to weigh just under 13 tons.


Current & Past Exhibitions:

In A Rush? Take a Quick Tour of The Museum ( Sep 1996 - Jun 1997)View Objects in Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Book] Wegner, Josef W. & Wegner, Jennifer H. 2015. The Sphinx That Traveled To Philadelphia. 239. Actual CitationView Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Dorling Kindersley Limited. 2014. History of the World in 1,000 Objects. Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: Page 28 Bottom RowView Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Article] Wegner, Jennifer H. 2014. Sphinx Celebrating a Centennial in Phildelphia. Expedition: The Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. 56 (2): 1-56. Actual CitationView Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Catalogue] Bagh, Tine. 2011. Finds from W.M.F. Petrie's Excavations in Egypt in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. Actual CitationView Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Horne, Lee C. 1985. Introduction to the Collections of The University Museum. Actual CitationView Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Book] Porter, Bertha & Moss, Rosalind L. 1981. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings III: Memphis, Part 2. Saqqara to Dahshur. III. Actual CitationView Objects related to this Actual Citation
[Article] 1915. The Eckley B. Coxe., Jr. Egyptian Expedition. The Museum Journal. VI (2): 63-84. Actual CitationView Objects related to this Actual Citation

You may also be interested in these objects:


See a problem? Let us know online.collections@pennmuseum.org

© Penn Museum 2017 Sitemap / Contact / Copyright / Disclaimer / Privacy / Upenn