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The Penn Museum is embarking on its largest renovation yet—transforming the Ancient Egypt and Nubia Galleries. While our Egypt Galleries are under construction, there are still plenty of Egyptian artifacts on view.

Ask for the Explore Egypt guides on your next visit.

Statue, Egypt, 305-30 BCE, E14314. On view in Ancient Egypt: From Discovery to Display

For over a century, archaeologists from the Penn Museum have conducted fieldwork in Egypt and Sudan. These early excavations played a significant role in establishing the museum's collection of Egyptian and Nubian artifacts—one of the largest in the United States. Most of the Egyptian collection comprises excavated objects obtained through the partage system wherein foreign archaeological expeditions working in Egypt shared the discoveries made during excavations with Egypt’s Antiquities Service. The Egyptian collection spans the entirety of ancient Egypt's history, ranging from approximately 4,000 BCE to the 7th century CE.

Explore the extraordinary world of the pharaohs and the timeless cultural legacy of ancient Egypt and Nubia. On view is a remarkable collection of statues, reliefs, and intricate artifacts, providing insight into the art, religion, and daily practices of the ancient Egyptians. From spectacular statues of powerful pharaohs and goddesses to delicate jewelry and exquisitely decorated coffins, each object reflects this vibrant and complex society that thrived along the Nile River. Unravel the mysteries of the afterlife, the significance of hieroglyphs, and the fine craftsmanship of ancient artisans.

What's On View
Granite sphinx. Canopic jar with jackal head. Statue of kneeling Tutankhamun. Steatite scarab with inscription. Offering table with carvings of food.

Excavated by W. M. Flinders Petrie in 1912 near the Ptah Temple at Memphis, the Penn Museum's 13-ton sphinx is the largest sphinx in the Western Hemisphere and the fourth largest outside of Egypt. On view in the Sphinx Gallery. E12326

During the mummification process, embalmers removed and mummified the lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines and stored them in canopic jars. The jackal god Duamutef protected the stomach. The hieroglyphs state that this jar belonged to Hathor, a singer in the temple of the god Herishef. On view in the Sphinx Gallery. E14227A, B

The features and style of this figure suggest it represents Tutankhamun, the famous boy king. Possibly part of a larger statue, the missing arms may have held an offering to a deity. It is cast in black bronze, a relatively rare material, and now only traces of gold remain. On view in Ancient Egypt: From Discovery to Display E14295

Like the Egyptians, the Phoenicians used carved stones shaped like scarab beetles as amulets and to seal baskets, jars, and documents. This steatite scarab is inscribed with the name of 22nd Dynasty King, Hedjkheperre Setepenre (Sheshonq I). On view in the Eastern Mediterranean Gallery. E13038

This offering table is decorated with images of foodstuffs that could magically serve as a substitute for real food in the afterlife. A common feature in Egyptian tombs, the practice was also adopted in Nubia. The inscription here is in Meroitic, an ancient Nubian language that is only partially readable. On view in the Africa Galleries. E7093

View other Egyptian artifacts on display.

A 360° Peek inside 
a Palace

A comprehensive reinstallation of our Egypt Galleries is underway, and the Palace of Merenptah will be the focal element of the Museum's new upper gallery.

For a glimpse of the architectural grandeur that awaits when this gallery reopens, click and drag (or move your device) to explore a reconstruction of the palace.

Plush Bastet cat.

Museum Shop

Plush Bastet Cat

Take home this cuddly version of the fearsome Bastet, Egyptian goddess of fertility and joy.

People in the Ancient Egypt: Discovery to Display gallery.

Special Exhibitions

Ancient Egypt: From Discovery to Display

From excavation to conservation, examine the journey artifacts take on their way to museum display. See more than 200 fascinating Egyptian artifacts, many of which have never been on view before.

Wedjat eye amulet.

Write Like an Egyptian

Translate your name into hieroglyphs the way an Egyptian scribe might have written it.